Belgrade is a town at the junction of the Sava and Danube rivers, seven thousand years old. The Sava coming from the west, and the Danube arriving from the north join their waters to proceed eastwards. The fortress, built on the high ground is overlooking the confluence of these two rivers. Belgrade was laid in ruins some sixty times but always arose from its cinders.
For centuries it was a frontier fortress, the apple of contend between the rivaling invaders, Romans, Goths, Huns, Byzantines, Crusaders, Hungarians, Turks and the others. The first record of the name was Singidunum. In the 9th century A.D. documents call it “Alba Graeca” – “White City” which is precisely what Belgrade means in Serbian.
The oldest part of the town is situated at Belgrade fortress and Kalemegdan park, with a splendid view over New Belgrade, Zemun and Panonian Plain. It is skirted by the old Serbian quarter of Belgrade, Kosancic Crescent with its cobbled road, many elegant old houses and painters studios. Nearby is the Serbian Orthodox Cathedral built in 1837., dedicated to Archangel Michael, the Patriarchy, the Church’s seat of power, the Princess Ljubica’s Manor, the most typical building from 19th century and the oldest restaurant known simply as ,,”-question mark, built in the rare Balkan style.
From this point, the city spreads out in all directions: the pedestrian street of Prince Mihailo, central Republic Square dominated by a massive statue of Prince Mihailo on horseback, the National Museum and the National Theater on the same square with many popular coffee houses and restaurants around. From Prince Mihailo Street, where the atmosphere of the old times is combined with the glamor of modern times, straight line leads into Terazije square- the very center of the town dominated by hotel Moskva, a fine example of Belle Epoque architecture and Terazije Fountain. Then follows the Old Palace, now home of the City Assembly, and the New Palace, now the office of the President of Serbia. Nearby is the monument of the Nobel Prize winner – Ivo Andric. The street ends in Vracar Square with the small Church of St Sava and St Sava Cathedral, one of the biggest orthodox churches.